America’s Drugs: From Prescription to Addiction | February Editor’s Choice

VIVEK TRIVEDI | Senior Editor

The United States has been facing a drug epidemic for the larger part of the last decade, with more Americans using illicit substances now than ever before 1. A more subtle issue that we have been facing is the rise of addictions to prescription drugs, as Shoshana First described in her 2014 article entitled “The Contemporary Amphetamine Epidemic.” Her article highlights the prevalence of Adderall abuse, as a way for college students to study for longer hours. This is only symptomatic of a larger trend, the overprescription of Schedule II substances, which indubitably contributed to the widespread addiction we see today.

Across the country there have been dramatic increases in the illicit use and sale of prescription drugs. The situation has become critical in states like Florida, where doctors prescribe ten times as many oxycodone pills as the rest of America’s doctors combined 4. With an increased demand for opioids, Florida witnessed a concomitant increase in the number of pain clinics. Dubbed “pill mills,” one sheriff has said that the number of pain clinics has exceeded the number of McDonald’s restaurants 2. This is because until 2011, Florida was one of the few states without a prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP). Potential abusers would go “doctor shopping” from clinic to clinic, receiving multiple prescriptions for the same ailment. These pills were then sold on the black market for hefty profits. Although a PDMP has been implemented in most states, they have not managed to dissuade more ambitious drug dealers, who are willing to cross multiple state lines to obtain pills.

The ready availability of these controlled substances has fueled an ongoing epidemic. The demand mostly comes from patients who developed addictions to their prescribed pain medications. Once their prescriptions expire, they turn to the black market, often paying a premium to get their fix. Those who cannot afford to turn to non-pharmaceutical grade derivatives of opioids such as heroin. These drugs are generally manufactured clandestinely, have indeterminate compositions and potencies, and are more likely to lead to addiction or an overdose. To make matters worse, as drug addicts become physiologically and mentally tolerant of heroin, the need for a more powerful drug arises. The DEA reports an increase in the past decade in the illicit sale of fentanyl, which is 100 times more potent than morphine and many more times that of heroine. Very recently, law enforcement officials have discovered that drug dealers are now selling carfentanil, which is commercially used as elephant tranquilizer. The drug is 10,000 times more potent than morphine and 100 times more potent than fentanyl. These drugs are prone to misuse and incorrect dosing, often lethally 3.

Despite motions by the new administration to deregulate the pharmaceutical industry, it appears that a national prescription monitoring program is very much needed. The media often understates the epidemic that has swept the nation, with disjointed, sparse reporting of singular overdoses without addressing the root of the problem. A national discussion on the prescription and sale of pharmaceutical drugs is simply essential to begin reversing this insidious trend.

[1] Awad, Susan. “American Society of Addiction Medicine.” Increased Marijuana, Heroin Use Contribute to Highest Reported Illicit Drug Use in More than a Decade. ASAM, 10 Sept. 2015. Web. 31 Jan. 2017.
[2] Lainie Rutkow JD. “Florida Prescription Drug Monitoring Program, Pill Mill Laws, and Opioids.” Florida Prescription Drug Monitoring Program, Pill Mill Laws, and Opioids | Law and Medicine | JAMA Internal Medicine | The JAMA Network. N.p., 01 Oct. 2015. Web. 31 Jan. 2017.
[3] “Fargo Police Warn of Powerful, Deadly Drug Reaching Area.” Grand Forks Herald. N.p., 23 Jan. 2017. Web. 31 Jan. 2017.
[4] “Nationwide Trends.” DrugFacts: Nationwide Trends | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). NIH, June 2015. Web. 31 Jan. 2017.

Input your search keywords and press Enter.

male enhancement websites amazon male enhancement supplements vitrix male enhancement rite aid shark tank male enhancement pills injector male enhancement erectile dysfunction pill gainesville florida blue pill with m walgreens male enhancement pills niagara ed pills penis enlargement pills that work reddit supplements for better circulation black storm ed pills review organic supplements viagra medicine for men extenze male enhancement info where can i get penis pills from synovex as male enhancement penis enlargmwent pills best iron supplement male sex perfromance pills power plus male enhancer boost libido supplements can you enlarge penis with pills vitalix male enhancement side effects mens health sex pills adds walmart health supplements well water treatment tablets big cock male enhancement pill reviews viagra by the pill korean ginseng pill wild 10 male enhancement pills envigor male enhancement

mct oil vape three dukes vapor country clouds vape thc juice best affordable pen style ecig dovpo topside 90w ecig shop salisbury ma nike vapor 12 ecig brewing what coil comes installed in uwell crown tank best cheap durable ecig mod ecig liquids fluffy vape juice vaping marijuana vs smoking e cigarette shop sydney snow wolf vape kit bat e cigarette nicotine e juice e juice recipes app top shelf vape juice smok resa prince tank fuse vapor best tank for istick pico aspire vape co aspire vape pen battery best vapor cigarette uwell crown review 2016 e cigarette packakging voopoo drag ohms too high for coil methane antoine constants nic salt pod for voopoo panda texas select vapor

fruit plant pills weight loss calcium supplement quick weight loss how to lose weight really fast without pills tealfarms keto diet pills can a water pill make you lose weight weight loss diet doctor approved celiac keto diet recipes diet to lose weight fast keto diet recipes no cook dr oz weight loss diet for women in menopause carbs diet to lose weight how much weight loss on 3 day military diet thyroid diet to lose weight best pills to take to lose weight heart diet to lose weight fast is keto ultra diet pills safe new weight loss drugs fda expected weight loss fadtbmetsbolidm diet very strong weight loss tablets otc weight loss medicine purple weight loss pill gnc pictures of alli weight loss pills ephedra weight loss supplements heart failure disadvantages of keto diet pills best weight loss supplement for postmenopausal pills weight loss supplement and menopause keto diet recipe book best weight loss diet for 60 year old woman south african best weight loss pills amway supplement for weight loss extreme weight loss diet 50 pound vietnamese weight loss pills natural

cbd heart disease infinite cbd coupon what can cbd oil treat 600mg full spectrum cbd oil can cbd oil make you tired cbd wellness tincture cbd releaf cbd oil regulations to hawaii synthetic cbd oil gnc cbd oil cbd oil uses and benefits cbd and thyroid cancer cbd oil topical benefits cbd pyramid scheme serviced offices sydney cbd does cbd oil cause gas does nutiva have cbd fab cbd coupon code homemade cbd zija cbd oil cbd oil documentary cbd cream and drug test cheech and chong cbd oil how much cbd is in high hemp wraps cbd oil vs drug test hemp cbd oil legal cbd oil coupon codes strawberry cbd oil cbd oil bill utah is hemp and cbd oil the same cbd oil astoria oregon can i carry cbd oil on a plane